History and Nature
Icelandic history starts eleven hundred years ago when the Vikings settled the island. The history of Iceland has been through many changes in rule and power, nonetheless, their much earned independence was granted in July of 1944. The Icelandic nation has survived the harsh sub-arctic climate and has today become one of the most modern societies in the world.
The nature of Iceland and its biology is unique in the world. Iceland is the land of boiling mud pools, sprouting geysers, majestic glaciers and powerful waterfalls. The nature of Iceland is a breathtaking landscape and an inspiration to artists and photographers. Iceland is the least densely populated country in Europe, with a pure, unpolluted and truly magical landscape. Iceland’s summers are surprisingly warm, lush and green, with days lengthening until midsummer, when the sun dips down to the horizon but never sets. During winter you can marvel at the amazing, undulating green, blue, yellow and pink lights of the aurora in the night sky and breathe in the Icelandic nature in its most natural setting.
Regardless of when you visit, you can be assured of the warmth of the Icelanders’ welcome and their desire to share their Icelandic history and love for the Icelandic nature. Here you will find an extensive list of more information about the climate, different aspects of nature, the history and wildlife.
Considering the northerly location of Iceland, its climate is much milder than might be expected, especially in winter.
Geologically speaking, Iceland is a very young country; its creation began less than 20 million years ago and is still progressing today. Iceland’s wildlife reflects the youth of the country. There are relatively few insect species and only a handful of wild mammal
Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the US.
The Icelandic history starts eleven hundred years ago when the Vikings settled the island. The Icelandic nation has survived the harsh sub-arctic climate and has today become one of the most modern societies in the world.
Situated on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Iceland is a hot spot of volcanic and geothermal activity: 30 post-glacial volcanoes have erupted in the past two centuries. Over the past 500 years, Iceland's volcanoes have erupted a third of the total global lava output.
Iceland's wildlife consist mainly of birds and marine mammals. Whalewatching is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Iceland.