Facts About Iceland
Iceland is a European island located in the North Atlantic, sized at 103,000 km² (39,756 square miles). With a population of about 320,000, Iceland is a homogenous mixture of descendants of the original Nordic and Celtic settlers. In this section of facts about Iceland, you’ll find all of the information you’ll need on the geography, economy, language and the nation as a whole. Having a few Icelandic facts handy will surely make you a more informed traveler and provide keen insight on this wonderful country.
Hvannadalshnjukur is the tallest mountain in Iceland, 2119 m, Vatnajokull is the largest glacier, 8300 km2, Þjorsa the longest river, 230 km.
Iceland is an island of 103.000 km2 (39,756 sq.miles), with an average height of 500 m above sea level. Its highest peak, Hvannadalshnjúkur, rises to 2.119 m and over 11 per cent of the country is covered by glaciers, including Vatnajökull, the largest in Europe.
Iceland's Scandinavian-type social-market economy combines a capitalist structure and free-market principles with an extensive welfare system. The economy is heavily dependent upon fishing. Despite effort to diversify, particularly into the travel industry, seafood exports continue to account for nearly three-quarters of merchandise exports and approximately half of all foreign exchange earnings.
Icelandic is the national language and is believed to have changed very little from the original tongue spoken by the Norse settlers.
The population of Iceland is about 306,000, growing at the rate of 0,74% per year. About 20,7% of people are under 20 years old, and life expectancy is 80,7 years. Most Icelanders (81%) belong to the National Lutheran Church of Iceland.